THE PROGRESSIVE CONSERVATIVE, USA

An Online Journal of Political Commentary & Analysis
Volume VI, Issue # 143, July 2, 2004
Dr. Almon Leroy Way, Jr., Editor
Government Committed to & Acting in Accord with Conservative Principles
Ensures a Nation's Strength, Progress, & Prosperity
Home Page   Main Menu   Recent Articles   Site Map   Website Index   Issues & Controversies
  Cyberland University   Political Science, Philosophy, & History: Lectures   U.S. Constitution
  American Constitutional Law   American Constitutional System   American Political System
  Conservatism, Liberalism, & Radicalism   How America Goes to War
  World War IV: Islamist Terror War Against the U.S.A. & the West

INTERNATIONAL ISLAMISM & JIHADIST TERRORISM
IN SOUTH ASIA: AN INDIAN PRE-9/11 PERSPECTIVE
ON THE WORLDWIDE ISLAMIC JIHAD
By B. Raman

FULL STORY:   What a person thinks yesterday and expresses his thought today, he or she may do or attempt to do it tomorrow. By carefully monitoring and analysing the thoughts of yesterday and the words of today, one may be able to have advance warnings of the likely happenings of tomorrow. National, regional and international security, therefore, demand that not only India, but also other democratic, liberal, secular and peace-loving countries of the world, carefully monitor and continuously analyse the details of the debate involving the Islamic extremist religious and political organisations of Pakistan today.

Islam is a religion which, like other religions, preaches the virtues of mercy and compassion. However, the Islamists of Pakistan do not preach mercy and compassion. They preach hatred and violence, not only against non-Muslim "infidels," but also against other Muslims and Islamic nations, who, in their perception, do not adhere to the precepts of Islam, as interpreted by the Ulema, and do not recognise the Ulema as the ultimate repositories of wisdom, whether it be relating to the religion, politics, economy, social welfare or statecraft.

When Pakistan became independent in 1947, it had about half a dozen Islamic organisations dabbling in politics and in political crusades. Today, it has over 80. Not all Islamic organisations in Pakistan are extremist or terrorist. But all extremist and terrorist organisations sprouting out of Pakistan exploit Islam and calls to Islamic solidarity as motivating factors in their worldwide jihad.

For the Islamists, Islam is not just a religion through whose propagation people can be made more pious and virtuous. It is a weapon of coercion and intimidation, a weapon with which to subjugate the "infidels" and the non-practising Muslim states and to establish the dictatorship of the Ulema.

For the Islamists, Islam is not just a religion. It is also a political ideology, an economic theory; a treatise on statecraft, and a training manual for the jihad.

Until the 1980s, the security agencies of the democracies looked upon International Communism as one of the principal threats to national security and closely monitored its activities.

It was not because they viewed the Communist ideology as a possible threat to national security. Quite the contrary. As an ideology, Marxism-Leninism, or Communism, had a positive content. The poor and developing nations of the world and the under-privileged classes of societies were inspired by that content yesterday, and many of its aspects seem valid even today.

What the security agencies were worried about was International Communism, as preached from Moscow and Beijing, because of three pernicious aspects.

    * It encouraged extra-territorial loyalty by holding that the requirements of loyalty to the solidarity of the international proletariat overrode those of loyalty to the nation-state in which a Communist was resident and of which he or she was a citizen.. It was thus subversive of the traditional concept of loyalty to the state, unless the state be Marxist-Leninist.

    * It emphasised the duty of the Communists, even if they were in a minority, to seize power through the organised use of violence as a prelude to establishing the dictatorship of the proletariat and making the non-believing majority come round to the Communist point of view.

    * It believed in the unsuitability of multi-party democracy as a principle of statecraft for promoting and propagating Communism. And it used intimidation and ideological and physical terror as weapons to let its will prevail.

The same pernicious concepts are the intrinsic components of International Islamism, as propagated from Pakistani soil today:

    * International Islamism encourages extra-territorial loyalty by holding that the requirements of loyalty to trans-national Ummah and to Islamic solidarity override those of loyalty to the nation-state in which a Muslim is resident and of which he or she is a citizen. It is thus subversive of the traditional concept of loyalty to the state, unless the state be Islamic. It does not recognize national borders. It defends the right of the Muslims to travel to and wage jihad anywhere to protect and help fellow-Muslims.

    * It emphasizes the religious duty of the Islamic forces in a Muslim country, even if they be in a minority, to seize power through the organised use of violence as a prelude to establishing the dictatorship of the Shaariat, as interpreted by the Ulema. It justifies their right to assist the Muslims in non-Muslim states to achieve their aspirations, even through violence.

    * It believes in the unsuitability of multi-party democracy as a principle of statecraft for propagating and purifying Islam. It uses intimidation and ideological and physical terror as weapons to let its will prevail.

What do these forces, which are in the forefront of the socalled jihad in Jammu-Kashmir, say? They propagate that:

    * Jammu-Kashmir is not the only item on the Islamist agenda vis--vis India. It is only the first item in theIslamists' agenda. The other items are the "liberation" of the Muslims in the rest of India in order to create two more "Muslim Homelands" in South Asia -- one in North India and the other in the South.

    * Jammu-Kashmir constitutes the gateway to India. Once the Islamists control Jammu-Kashmir, they will use it as a rear base for "liberating" the Muslims in the rest of India.

    * After Jammu-Kashmir, their priorities would be Hyderabad and Junagadh. According to the Islamists, these two areas rightly belonged to Pakistan and the Ummah; and they have a religious duty to "liberate" them and bring them into the Ummah. Thereafter, they would turn their attention to the rest of India.

Since the beginning of 1999, the importance of the Ummah possessing weapons of mass destruction (WMD) for using them in the Islamist jihad against the non-Muslim "infidels" has become an important item of the Islamists' debate, whether it be in inner-party deliberations, during religious discourses in the mosques and their madrasas, or in the conventions of their Ulema. The issue was first raised by Osama bin Laden in two interviews, and it has subsequently been picked up by others. During this debate, the Islamists have been saying that:

    * A good Muslim is not only a pious Muslim, but is also a nuclear Muslim.

    * Allah has ordained that the Muslims should acquire whatever weapon capability they needed for their jehad against the "infidels". It is their religious duty to acquire WMD. Not to do so would be an act of sin and anti-Islamic.

    * The nuclear and missile capability, which Pakistan has, belongs to the Ummah and not just to the State of Pakistan. It is the religious duty of the Pakistani leadership to further develop and strengthen this capability and to place it at the disposal of the Ummah.

    * It would be an act of sin and a betrayal of the Ummah for Pakistan to sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and adhere to the nuclear and missile export control regimes.

    * Pakistan has a religious obligation to share its technologies with and to export them to other Muslim countries, which may need them.

In the past, the Islamic parties were against the popularization of the study of science and technology, apparently lest independently-thinking minds resulting from such studies start questioning the logic and the validity of the teachings of the Ulema and their interpretation of the Holy Koran. Now, in a reversal of this policy, some of them have been calling for greater attention to a study of Information Technology (IT) and for the development of an Islamic IT capability in order to use it as one more weapon in their jihad world-wide.

The Islamists have been depicting intellectual property rights as a Western conspiracy to keep the Islamic world permanently backward in the digital world and, therefore, have been encouraging software piracy as another weapon in the Islamist jihad against the U.S.A.and as a means of rapidly bridging the IT divide between the Islamic and non-Islamic worlds and between Pakistan and India.

Practically all the Islamic extremist and terrorist movements of today, whether they be in Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, the Central Asian Republics (CARs), the Chechnya and Dagestan areas of Russia, the Xinjiang area of China, the the Indian state of Jammu-Kashmir or in the southern Philippines, were born out of ideas conceived in the battle-fields of Afghanistan of the 1980s and spread from the mosques and madrasas of Pakistan subsequently.

These movements could not have maintained the intensity and the ruthlessness of their activities without the support, instigation, and encouragement received by them from the soil of Pakistan and Afghanistan. And such support, instigation, and encouragement from Pakistani soil would not have been possible without the active involvement of the Pakistani military-intelligence establishment in the case of the terrorist movements directed against India and without its complicity or acquiescence in the case of terrorism directed against other countries.

While one is not surprised by its active involvement in the terrorist movements directed against India, the tolerance by the Pakistani military-intelligence establishment of the operations of the movements directed against the other countries -- and particularly against Saudi Arabia and China -- defies logic and understanding.

The tolerance is partly a quid pro quo for the Islamists' role in assisting the Pakistani military-intelligence establishment in its efforts to keep the Indian security forces bleeding at no cost to Pakistan's Armed Forces and partly out of fear that any strong action against their activities directed against other countries might make them turn against the military-intelligence establishment.

It is a mistake to think that the terrorist movements directed against other countries could be attributed to the Taliban only. Today, Afghanistan is nothing but a veritable colony of Pakistan and the Taliban. Despite its retrograde concepts in matters such as women's rights, much to the embarrassment of the Pakistani military-intelligence establishment, Afghanistan is nothing but an appendage of Pakistan.

The idea for the creation and use of the Taliban as an instrument to achieve Pakistan's strategic objectives in Afghanistan was the brainchild of Major Genweal (retired) Nasirullah Baber, the Interior Minister in the Cabinet of Mrs. Benazir Bhutto, General Pervez Musharraf, who was the Director-General of Military Operations (DGMO) under her, and Lieutenantt General Mohammad Aziz, now one of the two Corps Commanders in Lahore, who was then the Deputy Director-General of the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) and in charge of the ISI's operations in India and Afghanistan.

It suits the present military regime in Islamabad that the international community blames the Taliban and not Pakistan for what is happening in countries other than India. The Pakistani regime should not be allowed to get away with this. The international community should hold Islamabad squarely responsible for what has been happening elsewhere too.

The Taliban's militia is officered, trained and guided by Pakistani ex-servicemen. The administration in the Taliban-controlled areas is largely run by retired Pakistani bureaucrats. The budget of the Taliban government, which has no source of revenue except heroin, is heavily subsidized by the Pakistani exchequer.

The control over Afghanistan, through the Taliban, not only serves the strategic objectives of the Pakistani military-intelligence establishment; it also serves to keep the Pakistani state and economy afloat through the heroin money. Since General Musharraf seized power, there has been a dramatic decrease in the areas under opium cultivation and in the production of heroin in Pakistani territory. But, this has been accompanied by a corresponding increase in the areas under opium cultivation and in heroin production in the Taliban-controlled Afghan territory.

What the Pakistani military-intelligence establishment has done is to transfer the opium-heroin assets of Pakistan to colonised Afghanistan so that Islamabad could avoid pressure from the U.S.A. on the narcotics count, while continuing to enjoy the benefit of the heroin dollars.

The entire opium cultivation-heroin extraction-smuggling of the product chain in Afghanistan is in Pakistani hands. The heroin dollars constitute the life-supporting system of the Pakistani state and economy and of the internationally-ostracised Taliban. They add to the jihad-making potential of International Islamism.

The extent of Pakistani involvement in the heroin trade would be evident from the following:

    * The jihadists of International Islamism spare no opportunity to organise a crusade against every social evil (in their perception) -- drinking, debauchery, adultery, the TV, etc -- but theyhave never organised a crusade against opium cultivation or against heroin production and smuggling.

    * The largest numbers of heroin smugglers in the world come from two nations -- Nigeria and Pakistan -- with many smugglers caught, prosecuted, and convicted in different countries. Saudi Arabia executes every year over two dozen heroin smugglers of Pakistani nationality. Most of those arrested and convicted are Pakistani nationals coming from Pakistan or Afgfhanistan. There are very few Afghan nationals.

The solidarity of the extremists and terrorists of International Islamism has not been matched by a solidarity of the victim-states in confronting them effectively. There has been a mushrooming of intelligence-sharing mechanisms in the form of Joint Working Groups, the Shanghai Five, etc. But the ineffectiveness of the victim-states in dealing with this menace cannot be blamed only on inadequate intelligence.

A more important factor has been a lack of lucid analysis of the dimensions of the menace and the absence of a political will to strike at the source of the menace through individual and joint operations. Any such joint operation has to start with repeated and coordinated attacks on the opium fields and heroin refineries of Afghanistan in order to deny this important source of funds for the State of Pakistan, the Taliban, and International Islamic terrorists.

Such attacks might not mean the end of the terrorism, but could mark the beginning of the weakening of it.


LINKS TO RELATED TOPICS:
Islamism & Jihadism -- The Threat of Radical Islam
Page Three    Page Two    Page One

The Middle East & the Arabs

The Far East & U.S. Foreign Policy

War & Peace in the Real World
   Page Two    Page One

Islamist Terrorist Attacks on the U.S.A.

Osama bin Laden & the Islamist Declaration of War
Against the U.S.A. & Western Civilization

Islamist International Terrorism &
U.S. Intelligence Agencies

U.S. National Security Strategy



B. Raman is a retired Additional Secretary, Cabinet Secretariat, Government of India. Presently, he is Director of the Institute for Topical Studies, Chennai, India. The foregoing presentation by Raman is based on a talk on Islamic terrorism, delivered by him, on November 25, 2000, in New Delhi.




Return to Top of Page

Go to the WEBSITE INDEX

Return to Beginning of
THE PROGRESSIVE CONSERVATIVE, USA,
Public Issues & Political Controversies


Return to Beginning of
THE PROGRESSIVE CONSERVATIVE, USA
Most Recent Articles


Return to Beginning of
THE PROGRESSIVE CONSERVATIVE, USA,
Volume VI, 2004


Return to Beginning of
THE PROGRESSIVE CONSERVATIVE, USA,
Subject Matter Highlights, Page Two


Return to Beginning of
THE PROGRESSIVE CONSERVATIVE, USA,
Subject Matter Highlights, Page One


Return to POLITICAL EDUCATION Homepage

CONTACT & ACCESS INFORMATION




LINKS TO PARTICULAR ISSUES & SUBJECT MATTER CATEGORIES
TREATED IN THE PROGRESSIVE CONSERVATIVE, U.S.A.::

Africa: Black Africa * Africa: North Africa * American Government 1
American Government 2 * American Government 3 * American Government 4
American Government 5 * American Politics * Anglosphere * Arabs
Arms Control & WMD * Aztlan Separatists * Big Government
Black Africa * Bureaucracy * Canada * China * Civil Liberties * Communism
Congress, U.S. * Conservative Groups * Conservative vs. Liberal
Constitutional Law * Counterterrorism * Criminal Justice * Disloyalty * Economy
Education * Elections, U.S. * Eminent Domain * Energy & Environment
English-Speaking World * Ethnicity & Race * Europe * Europe: Jews
Family Values * Far East * Fiscal Policy, U.S. * Foreign Aid, U.S. * France
Hispanic Separatism * Hispanic Treason * Human Health * Immigration
Infrastructure, U.S. * Intelligence, U.S. * Iran * Iraq * Islamic North Africa
Islamic Threat * Islamism * Israeli vs. Arabs * Jews & Anti-Semitism
Jihad & Jihadism * Jihad Manifesto I * Jihad Manifesto II * Judges, U.S. Federal
Judicial Appointments * Judiciary, American * Latin America * Latino Separatism
Latino Treason * Lebanon * Leftists/Liberals * Legal Issues
Local Government, U.S. * Marriage & Family * Media Political Bias
Middle East: Arabs * Middle East: Iran * Middle East: Iraq * Middle East: Israel
Middle East: Lebanon * Middle East: Syria * Middle East: Tunisia
Middle East: Turkey * Militant Islam * Military Defense * Military Justice
Military Weaponry * Modern Welfare State * Morality & Decency
National Identity * National Security * Natural Resources * News Media Bias
North Africa * Patriot Act, USA * Patriotism * Political Culture * Political Ideologies
Political Parties * Political Philosophy * Politics, American * Presidency, U.S.
Private Property * Property Rights * Public Assistance * Radical Islam
Religion & America * Rogue States & WMD * Russia * Science & Ethics
Sedition & Treason * Senate, U.S. * Social Welfare Policy * South Africa
State Government, U.S. * Subsaharan Africa * Subversion * Syria * Terrorism 1
Terrorism 2 * Treason & Sedition * Tunisia * Turkey * Ukraine
UnAmerican Activity * UN & Its Agencies * USA Patriot Act * U.S. Foreign Aid
U.S. Infrastructure * U.S. Intelligence * U.S. Senate * War & Peace
Welfare Policy * WMD & Arms Control


This is not a commercial website. The sole purpose of the website is to share with interested persons information regarding civics, civic and social education, political science, government, politics, law, constitutional law and history, public policy, and political philosophy and history, as well as current and recent political developments, public issues, and political controversies.



THE PROGRESSIVE CONSERVATIVE, USA
An Online Journal of Political Commentary & Analysis
Dr. Almon Leroy Way, Jr., Editor
Conservative & Free-Market Analysis of Government, Politics & Public Policy, Covering Political, Legal, Constitutional, Economic, Cultural, Military, International, Strategic, & Geopolitical Issues

POLITICAL EDUCATION, CONSERVATIVE ANALYSIS
POLITICS, SOCIETY, & THE SOVEREIGN STATE
Website of Dr. Almon Leroy Way, Jr.

Government, Politics, Public Policy, Legal Issues, Constitutional Law, Government & the Economy, Cultural Values, Foreign Affairs, International Relations, Military Defense & National Security, Geopolitics, Terrorism & Homeland Security, American National Interests, Political Systems & Processes, Political Institutions, Political Ideologies, & Political Philosophy